Industrial property is part of a wider set of laws known as intellectual property, which broadly refers to creations of the human mind. Intellectual property rights are thus intended to protect the interests of innovators and creators, giving them rights in their creations. In this context, industrial property is the area of intellectual property that refers to exclusive rights which allow their owner to protect the investment in the development of a certain product, commercial designation or design.
In fact, industrial property can take a variety of forms, the main ones being patents, trademarks and designs, the latter of which are the focus of this article. One of the basic aims of design protection is to stimulate the design element of production. A design can be protected if it has both novelty and individual character, i.e. if it differs significantly from other existing designs or combinations thereof.
In this context, designs are intended to protect aesthetic creations concerning the appearance of products, particularly with regard to ornamental character, compositions of lines, colours or any three-dimensional forms that provide a special appearance. In fact, aesthetic character is one of the main factors that influence consumers in the choice of a product, meaning that in legal terms a design is a right granted in a territory, under a registration system, to protect the original, ornamental and non-functional features of a product resulting from the creative activity of design.